BankingCOVID-19TechnologyTreasury Management

Supply Chain Finance Not Immune from Pandemic Pain Felt by Banks

By April 2, 2020 April 16th, 2020 No Comments

Higher funding costs for banks amid COVID-19 mean wider spreads in SCF market.
 
An assistant treasurer at a major consumer goods company learned from supply-chain-finance (SCF) vendors that banks financing SCF assets have asked for wider spreads to compensate for their own higher funding costs, at least temporarily. The banks had agreed to a fixed spread that was still attractive in early March but, in the midst of the coronavirus economic meltdown, is much less so today.

  • “It isn’t as attractive an asset at this moment, but long term it’s a terrific asset for the banks,” the member said at a recent NeuGroup virtual meeting. Because the banks see it as a long-term asset, they’re unlikely to “pull the rug out,” he said.
  • Another member noted that banks are struggling to syndicate risk from factoring programs as investors hoard cash, and they’re scrambling to find room on their balance sheets to keep their commitments.

Beyond COVID. The consumer goods company is a big proponent of SCF and uses three solution providers. It turned to fintech Orbian rather than a major bank more than a decade ago, partly because it offered the ability to engage a wide group of relationship banks without having to set up multiple SCF programs.

  • The company was able to reward the third- and fourth-tier banks in its revolving credit facility by tapping them to be liquidity providers in the program.
  • Not only does that diversify liquidity providers, but it gives “ancillary business to these banks that, quite frankly, we have a hard time providing business to,” the AT said.
  • The other AT noted factoring programs can be used similarly. 

Beyond Orbian. A few years ago, the consumer-goods company’s CFO tasked the finance function with increasing days payable outstanding (DPO) and working capital. The first step, extending terms, required reworking contracts with thousands of vendors, before seeking to persuade them to use SCF.

  • To roll out an SCF program to a wider population of suppliers, the company signed on fintech Taulia, the AT said, partly because its innovative SCF onboarding procedure more closely resembles downloading an iPhone app than competitors’ documentation-heavy approach.
  • Taulia also offers dynamic discounting, typically aimed at smaller vendors with more urgent cash needs.
  • In addition, Taulia offers an e-invoicing portal to facilitate vendors’ invoice submissions that can be used by vendors that do not take part in SCF or dynamic discounting. 

Big strides. With the US, Canada and Western Europe covered in terms of SCF, the company sought a global bank last year to provide an SCF option to suppliers in Asia and Latin America. At this point, the company has made “noticeable strides in DPO,” jumping from the fourth quartile to the second quartile among corporate peers, the AT said.

  • Segmenting suppliers by size, sophistication, geography and other relevant factors is key. Larger and more sophisticated vendors typically opt for SCF, in which discounts resemble the investment-grade company’s revolving-credit rate, but smaller companies may accept dynamic discounts as high as 14%, “and I’ll do that all day long,” the AT said.
  • Speeding up invoice approval is also necessary for a successful SCF program, since slow approvals reduce benefits for all the parties. The company standardized invoices, and its policy is to no longer accept invoices by mail or even PDF.

Suppliers unable to submit electronic-data-interchange (EDI) invoices must send PDFs to Taulia, which converts them to EDI and processes them straight through to the company ERP. Both Taulia and Orbian plug and play into SAP.

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Antony Michels

Author Antony Michels

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