How finance teams respond to the need for cash depends in part on their ability to tap global cash pools.
As the pandemic brought the world to a standstill, the primary concern of many multinational corporations centered on sustaining their operations, assuming no cash inflows for at least 30 days. For almost every company, that requires a lot of cash! That was among the takeaways from member comments at a recent NeuGroup virtual meeting of treasurers in Asia in early April.
Cash pools. Multinational companies best positioned to source emergency funds have access to global cash pools domiciled in jurisdictions where capital markets are liquid and central banks supportive, such as London and New York. To fund business activities elsewhere, companies rely on domestic banks or subsidiaries of foreign banks.
Other tools. Challenges arise when domestic credit is not sufficient to fund the company and its supply chain. To support loyal business partners, finance directors resort to traditional programs such as distributor and supplier financing. However, complex and paper intensive onboarding often holds them back.
- Likewise, declaring dividends from cash-rich subsidiaries to sustain cash-poor sister companies is challenging when both audit and tax clearance staff are themselves subject to lockdowns. Finance teams with long-standing relationships are more likely to break through.
Government help. As a last resort, companies apply for direct government support. Members report that the application process is resource intensive and time consuming. To be effective, the country’s senior executive must lead a multi-functional team including tax, legal, government affairs, HR, and finance. The treasury team executes loan transactions and reporting, ensuring that new covenants do not breach existing agreements.
Although it is too early to draw definitive lessons from the pandemic, it’s clear that the even the best business contingency plans never fully test the complexity of an unfolding crisis. Leveraging a global cash pool by concentrating a company’s firepower brings benefits well beyond a cost advantage. They give finance directors the space to look for practical local workarounds where needed.